An IUD is a T-shaped device that is only about an inch long and wide. IUD stands for intrauterine device, which is a form of long-acting, reversible, contraception. If you were to get an IUD, your doctor would perform a small procedure while you are awake to insert this device into your uterus. This application should not take more than five minutes. So what does an IUD do, and what are the different types to choose from?
A hormonal IUD is a device that, once inserted into the uterus, releases progestin. Progestin is a hormone that essentially tells your body that you are pregnant. Therefore, it prevents your ovaries from releasing an egg when you are scheduled to ovulate. A perk to this specific type of IUD is that it can lighten your period and cramps or even stop them altogether. However, some women report having heavy periods at first and some frustrating period irregularities to follow. This IUD can remain inserted for up to five years, so there is no time-consuming keep-up. It has a pregnancy prevention rate of over 99% so it is just as effective, if not more, than other birth control options.
Non-hormonal or Copper IUD
This particular IUD is inserted the same way and in the same place as the hormonal IUD but uses different tactics to prevent pregnancy. The copper that is on this IUD acts as a spermicide because it is lethal to the sperm. Since this IUD does not contain hormones, you should not experience many changes or irregularities in your menstrual cycle. However, some women report having more severe cramps and heavier periods for the few months following the IUD application. It has the same pregnancy prevention rate of over 99% as the hormonal IUD. Plus, this particular IUD can remain inserted for up to ten years.
If you have an IUD and decide you are ready to get pregnant, the removal process is quite simple. You do NOT have to keep the IUD in for the full-time they are advertised to last. Keep in mind that both types of IUDs do not prevent STDs or HIV. If you think an IUD would be right for you at this time in your life, consult your doctor and call us at 865-657-8372 to schedule an appointment, or fill out our appointment interest form to learn more about how we can cover the cost of your IUD.